Non-UK born people (aged 16 years and over) working in the UK, not seasonally adjusted, January to March 1999 to January to March 2019
The Number of Non-UK Born People Working in the UK has Generally Increased Over the Last 20 Years
Notes: The EU series are based on the current membership of the EU; for example, Poland is included in the EU series throughout the entire time series, although Poland did not join the EU until 2004.
As shown in Figure 2, the numbers of people working in the UK who were born in EU countries and born outside the EU have generally increased over the last 20 years. This contrasts with the figures for non-UK nationals, shown in Figure 1, as the number of non-EU nationals working in the UK has been broadly flat since 2009. This indicates that the increase in non-EU born people working in the UK has been due largely to more non-EU born workers with British nationality.
For January to March 2019, there were 5.80 million people born abroad working in the UK, but the number of non-UK nationals working in the UK was much lower at 3.70 million. This is because the estimates for people born abroad working in the UK include many UK nationals.
Source: ONS, UK and non-UK people in the labour market: May 2019
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